The Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Educational Attainment in Pakistan


  • Amjid Iqbal Statistical Assistant at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS)
  • Ghulam Mustafa Sajid Assistant Professor at International Islamic University
  • Sami Ullah Khan Lecturer in Economics at University of Swabi and PhD Scholar at Institute of Management Sciences, Peshawar



Socio-Economic Determinants, Child Educational Attainment, Censored Ordered Probit Model


The main purpose of conducting this study was to explore the socio-economic determinants of child educational attainment in Pakistan. Data on selected variables is extracted from nationally representative survey of Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) 2013-14. The study considers the children of age 5-18 years who ever attended any or currently attending any educational institution. Censored Ordered Probit model is employed. The results at aggregate level reveal that child’s gender, child’s age, age of household’s head, parental education, household assets and availability of private schools positively affect child educational attainment in Pakistan. Children belong to Baluchistan province and urban region of Pakistan also get more education as compare to reference categories. Gender of household head and distance to school has negative effect on child educational attainment. To explore the inconsistency in effect of these factors across region and across gender, separate analysis is conducted for urban, rural, male and female sample. The results of gender specific analysis indicate that income of the household, region of residence (urban) and annual school fee are the main factors causing gender disparity whereas estimates at regional level analysis show that parental education, agricultural land ownership and, distance to school are the factors responsible for regional disparity in child educational attainment.


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How to Cite

Iqbal, A. ., Sajid, G. M. ., & Khan, S. U. (2020). The Socio-Economic Determinants of Child Educational Attainment in Pakistan. Journal of Applied Economics and Business Studies, 4(4), 75-96.